POKER TERMMEANING / DESCRIPTION
5 Card StudPoker Variation
7 Card StudPoker Variation
A-B-C, A-B-C-DA sequence of the lowest cards in a lowball game. For example, the hand 8-6-3-2-A might be called an "eight-six-a-b-c" and the hand 8-4-3-2-A might be called an "eight-a-b-c-d". See also Eight Rock.
AAThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Ace, Ace or Pocket Aces, also known as Rockets, Pocket Rockets, Bullets or American Airlines.
ABC PlayerAn ABC player is a player who is very predictable. This player generally reads a poker book or two and follows them to the word. They always play hands the same way and are generally pretty tight. These types of players are often winners at lower stakes and loose games but are easily crushed by advanced players.
Ace-to-FiveMethod of stating the best low hand in lowball. See also, ace-to-six lowball and ace-to-six.
Ace-to-SixMethod of stating the best low hand in lowball. See also, ace-to-five lowball and ace-to-five.
Aces and SpacesA hand with one pair of aces and nothing else. Sometimes used derogatorily in games where two pair is a typical winner, like seven card stud.
Act out of turnWhen a player acts prematurely before their turn.
Action-A player's turn to act, "The action is on you".
-A willingness to play, "I'll give you action" or "there is plenty of action in that game".
-A bet, along with all the other calls. For example if a player makes a bet and four other players call, the player is said to have got "in action" and the player is said to have received worth of action on their bet. The tern usually comes into play when working out side pots when one or more player is all-in.

Action ButtonA marker similar to a kill button, when a player makes an extra forced bet. For example in a stud game where a player makes an extra forced bet representing the completion of the bring-in to the full bet. For example in a seven card stud game with and betting limits and a bring-in, the player with the action button must bet . When the cards are dealt the player with the low card must then make the bring-in of and the player with the action button as effectively raised and has the option to raise further. Players between the small card bring-in and the action button can just call the bring-in but are aware that they will be raised by the action button.
Action PlayerA player who gets involved in lots of pots frequently with inferior hands.
Add-onIn a tournament an add-on is a single rebuy for which all players are eligible. This usually happens immediately after the rebuy period.
AdvertiseTo advertise is to represent a method of play. For example, an advertiser may show a bluff to induce players to call later in the game when the advertiser will have a winning hand. Or, to display only winning hands so the advertiser gives the impression of not bluffing to induce players to fold when bluffing. See also Hollywood.
AdvertisingAdvertising is to represent a method of play. For example, an advertiser may show a bluff to induce players to call later in the game when the advertiser will have a winning hand. Or, to display only winning hands so the advertiser gives the impression of not bluffing to induce players to fold when bluffing. See also Hollywood.
AggressiveA player with a reputation for being not afraid to bet and raise frequently.
Aggressive ActionA wager that could enable a player to win a pot without a showdown; this could be a bet, a raise or a re-raise.
AirA lowball, to give a player "Air" is when a player makes it known that they intend to draw a card or cards to induce a call.
AjaxThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Ace-Jack (AJ). Also known as Blackjack and Trepasso.
All BlueA term denoting a flush, usually in spades or clubs.
All In ChipThe chip used to signify a player's all-in if they have a large amount of chips and pushing them all into the pot only to restack them is not feasible.
All PinkA term denoting a flush, usually in hearts or diamonds.
All RedA term denoting a flush, usually in hearts or diamonds.
All-inA wager where a player bets all their chips.
Alligator BloodA poker player who plays fearlessly when short-stacked and wins. A player who plays for a long time short-stacked, winning just enough to keep them in the game.
American AirlinesThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Ace, Ace or Pocket Aces, also known as Bullets, Pocket Rockets, Rockets or AA.
Ammo, AmmunitionThe term refers to the chips a player has in play.
AngleA technically legal but borderline unethical play. See Angle Shooter.
Angle ShooterA player who regularly makes borderline unethical plays. Three examples:
-Deliberately miscalling one's hand.
AnglingAngling is any action out of turn, be it a fold, a check, a call, a bet or a raise. A player who regularly does this is called an angle shooter. Angling is used to intimidate players and try to make them play their hands differently. For example, an angler may indicate to bet out of turn causing other players to call when they may have raised or to fold when they may have called. See also angle and angle shooter.
AnteA predetermined nominal wager placed in the pot by all players. Usually a small amount to get the pot going.
Ante OffWhen a player becomes absent from a tournament for any reason then that player must continue to make the small blind and big blind bets during their absence. In some cases for extended absence this is sometimes increased to the amount of the small blind, every hand except when the player in on the big blind when it will be the full amount. The absent player's cards are always folded until the player returns. When returning to the game the player must be seated before any deal commences to claim the right to any action or any part of the pot. However, it would be unethical to deal the cards when it is clear a player is returning to the game and about to sit down. See also "Blind Off".
AquariumAn aquarium is a poker room or game that has a lot of fish in it.
BabyA term for a low ranking card usually in lowball. See also spoke.
Back InA term usually used in draw poker like Jacks or Better or Jackpots in which a player does not open to make the first opening bet but then calls after another player has opened the betting with a qualifying opening hand.
Back IntoTo "back into" a pot is being given the opportunity to win the pot without making a bet and where the player who wins the pot would have folded had a bet been made by another player. Also, a player who starts out with rolled-up trips in seven card stud for example and then makes a flush. Or in Texas Hold'em for example, where a player with pocket Qd-Qh flops say 2h-Qc-Jh. The turn comes a heart and the river is also a heart giving the player flush beating the original flopped trips. The player can be said to "back into" a flush. In the same way a player could "back into" a straight but in Texas Hold'em it would be a split pot as the straight would appear on the board. See also backdoor.
BackdoorA possibly unexpected hand made on the last cards dealt rather than made depending wholly on the player's starting cards. For example, in Texas Hold'em a player's starting hand may be Kh-Qh. The player does not make a flush but hits Qd-Qs on the turn and river making trip queens. Here the player is said to have made backdoor trips. A player may also make other backdoor category hands such as a backdoor flush or a backdoor straight etc.
Bad BeatA bad beat is when the mathematical favorite to win the hand loses to the mathematical underdog.
BankSame as tray or rack.
BankrollDealers money in the rack or a player's lifetime playing money for their poker playing career.
Beer HandGenerally a 7-2 offsuit, although some consider the 7-2 suited to be a beer hand as well. 7-2 offsuit is considered to be the worst stating hand in Texas Hold'em.
BehindA player in a pot and not at the time having the best hand but hoping to improve. Also describes money in play but not visible on the table. A player may announce that they are playing 0 "behind" while waiting for a card room employee to bring the chips to the table. See also playing behind.
Belly BusterAn inside straight draw. Also known as a "Gutshot".
Berry PatchA game which has novices playing at the table making it potentially a lucrative game for a semi-skilled player.
BetAny money wagered during the play of a hand and more specifically the opening bet of a betting round. Also, in a limit game it is the standard bet.
Bet Outthe act of making the first wager on any particular betting round.
Bet out of turnWhen a player bets prematurely before their turn.
Betting RoundA particular round of wagers making up a deal in which all participating players in the deal must place equal amounts of money into the pot or an amount which causes a player or players to be all-in- In which case a "Sidepot" or "Sidepots" would be created.
Betting StructureThe specific amounts players may bet according to the type of game they are playing in. These limits are predefined before the game commences whether it be limit, pot limit or a no limit game. It also refers to the blinds set according to time or number of hands played in a tournament, when after the blinds or antes increase.
BicycleThe hand comprising A-2-3-4-5. Called also "Bicycle Wheel" and "Wheel".
Big BetIn a limit game where a the later or last betting round the maximum bet is increased to usually double the earlier largest bet that was permissible.
Big Bet GameA game with a pot limit or no limit game structure.
Big BlindThe biggest forced wager placed in the pot directly after the small blind before the cards are dealt.
Big SlickThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Ace-King (A-K).
Bird on a StickThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Seven-Two (7-2).
BlackjackThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Ace-Jack (A-J) also called Ajax and Trepasso.
Blacks0 Chips
BlindA forced wager placed in the pot before the cards are dealt.
Blind GameA game which involves players putting in forced wagers before the cards are dealt.
Blind OffWhen a player becomes absent from a tournament for any reason then that player must continue to make the small blind and big blind bets during their absence. In some cases for extended absence this is sometimes increased to the amount of the small blind, every hand except when the player in on the big blind when it will be the full amount. The player's cards are always folded until the player returns. When returning to the game the player must be seated before any deal commences to claim the right to any action or any part of the pot. However, it would be unethical to deal the cards when it is clear a player is returning to the game and about to sit down. See also ante off.
BluffA bluff is to make a bet with a hand that is, or probably is, not the winning hand. The idea is to represent strong hand and hope that the other players fold. Known as "Buying the Pot". See also Buy the Pot and Semi-bluff.
BoardExposed cards which are common to all players, usually comprising of five cards called:', "The Flop" (three cards), "TheTurn" or "4th Street" (one card) and "The River" or "5th Street" (one card) where separate betting rounds occur after each.
Board CardAn exposed card common to all players.
BoatTerm meaning a full house also called a full boat.
Bottom PairWhen a player makes a pair on the flop with the lowest card on the board pairing one of their hole cards. The other cards on the board are referred to as over cards and may therefore give other players the middle pair or top pair. The bottom pair is also sometimes called the third pair.
Box (The)The dealer's seat
Boxed CardA card in a deck that is the wrong way up and is therefore exposed when the deck is dealt.
BreakA break is when you bet your strong hand very forcefully to win the pot. Most often your opponent will need to go all-in.
BrickA card that does not help a player's hand.
BroadwayBroadway can be a straight from ten to ace. This is the best possible straight, more often called a top straight. Or it refers to someone who is deliberately acting in a way to induce belief that they have a strong hand or a weak hand.
BrokenIf a player consistently loses over a night and loses a lot of money, the player may be considered 'broken.'
Broken GameA game no longer taking place.
Broken TableA table in a tournament which ceases to exist because the players are designated empty seats at other tables in play.
BrushHouse employee who keeps tables tidy and seats players on the waiting list.
BucketsThe Texas Hold'em starting hand 4-4. A pocket pair of fours.
BulletsThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Ace, Ace or Pocket Aces, also known as Rockets, Pocket Rockets, AA or American Airlines.
BumpTo raise
BurnWhen the dealer discards the next card prior to dealing the flop, turn and river. The card that is placed down is termed the 'burned/burnt card'.
Burn CardThe top card is always discarded or "burnt" just prior to dealing any "Boardcard(s)".
BustTo run out of money, especially in a tournament.
ButtonIn a game with a dealer, the button is the player for whom the dealer deals the cards and this player is denoted by a dealer button which rotates around the table in order in a clockwise direction.
ButtonA small plastic disc called the "Dealer Button" to indicate who the dealer is. After the flop, the dealer is the last person to act in a round of betting. Being "on the button" is a good position as you are the last person to decide to call, raise or fold.
Button GamesGames in which there is a dealer and in which a dealer button is used.
Buy The PotWhen a player makes a bet causing all the other players to pass (fold). See also "BLUFF" and "SEMI-BLUFF".
Buy-inThe minimum amount of money required to enter a game.
California LowballPoker variation. Ace-to-five lowball with joker.
CallTo bet an amount that only equals the previous bet. You must at least "call" other players bets to stay in the hand or you can raise, otherwise you must fold your hand. If no one before you makes a bet, you can also just "check" the hand and stay in the game until another player raises.
Call or PassWhen a player plays call or pass it means that that player must either call any size wager, no matter how large or fold. Not a recommended method of play, see also Playing Behind.
Calling StationA calling station is a player who calls a lot. They do not consider other players hands, they just stay in to see if their hand will win, often drawing long odds to make a real hand. They do not bluff much and are generally not aggressive, they just call a lot.
Canada LowPoker Variation
Candy CanesThe "Texas Hold'em" starting hand 7-7. Pocket sevens. Also called "Walking Sticks" and "Sunset Strip".
CanineThe Texas Hold'em starting hand K-9. Also called "The Dog".
CapIn limit poker the cap is the maximum amount of raises allowed in each betting round. A common cap seen in online poker games is 4 bets per round (one bet and three raises).
CappedThe point at which in a limit game the maximum number of raises has been reached on any particular betting round.
Cards SpeakThe winning hand in a showdown denoted by the cards regardless of any verbal announcements.
CaseThe last card of a particular denomination in the deck to make a hand. Example, a player has Pocket Rockets, the Turn comes an ace making Trips then the River is also an ace making Fours, the player is said to have hit "The case ace".
Cash GameBasically a cash game is what it says and may be in a casino or online and is played table stakes where players may come and go as they please within the House Rules. See also ring games.
CatchWhen the cards are running well a player is said to be catching cards.
ChaseTo call in the hopes of hitting a card that improves one's hand. Often referred to as a "Draw" . This word often describes someone who will call even with bad pot odds. For example, someone who "chases" a card to make a straight or flush draw.
CheckAny player may check and retain an interest in the pot in any particular betting round providing nobody has made a wager in that particular betting round.
CheckIn a betting round, if there are no previous bets or raises on a hand, players can "check" the hand and continue to play without wagering any more money. You must call to stay in the hand if someone raises. You can signify a check by tapping the table, and/or saying "check".
Check It OutA situation usually occurring where when friends contest a pot and they have a prior agreement not to bet. This can also occur in a tournament when a player is all-in. The other players may check it out to reduce the chances of the player who is all-in from winning the pot.
Check-RaiseA situation in which a player checks and then after a later player makes a wager the player who originally checked puts in a raise.
Check-RaiseQuite possibly one of the scariest plays in poker. A player "checks" the hand, to see what his opponents play will be, but has every intention of re-raising if his opponent raises him. This is a technique used to get more money into the pot and an effective play in a limit game.
Chinese Hold'emPoker Variation
ChipsSmall discs used instead of money at a poker table.
ClockOccurs when the dealer or floor person times a player making a decision. If after the allotted time has elapsed that player did not decide on any action, then their hand is automatically mucked by the dealer.
Coffee HouseTo talk about a hand one is involved in, usually with the intent of manipulating or misleading players.
Cold CallA cold call is a call against a pot that has already been bet and raised. For example, preflop, you are in late position, two players have already raised the blinds and you call the two bets. It is a cold move because the other two players already believe they have very good hands, your call basically says you believe your hand is just as good.
Cold CardsA player who is receiving cold cards is usually an experienced player who is having bad luck due to a long running string of bad cards.
Cold DeckA form of cheating in which a pre-arranged deck of cards is switched into a game. They are then given several false shuffles and a false cut.
CollectionA fee charged for playing in a game
Collection DropA fee raked from a pot by the dealer or taken usually on an hourly basis and dropped through a slot in the table into a box.
COLLUSIONCollusion is a form of cheating. Players will work in a team to try to gain an advantage over the other players. They will somehow signal to each other what their cards are. They will then use this information to gain an unfair advantage. Collusion is illegal. It is sometimes hard for brick and mortar cardrooms to detect colluders, but online poker rooms can track potential colluders because they can review hand histories.
Colour ChangeA request to change chips from one denomination to another denomination.
Colour UpWhen during a poker tournament or cash game the house removes the smaller denomination chips from play and replaces them with higher value chips.
Common CardA card dealt face-up that is used by all players in a pot where there are insufficient cards in the deck to allow each player to be dealt a card.
Community CardsCards dealt face up from which players make their hands with their hole cards in various legal combinations.
Complete The BetTo increase an all-in bet or a forced bet to the full bet in limit poker.
Computer HandThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Q-7. A starting hand that on average is the median of all other hands.
ConnectorsConnectors (connected) are hole cards that are consecutive, like TJ, 56, 89. Also, Suited Connectors are consecutive hole cards that share the same suit. J-Q of spades, 7-8 diamonds.
CounterfeitSometimes a card will come on the board that will destroy your hand because it makes a previously valuable card in your hand communal property. For example, suppose you hold A-8 in a game of Texas Holdem Poker. The board is 4-5-6-7. You hold a straight to the eight. However, if the final card on the river is a 9, your hand is counterfeited, because everyone has a eight high straight or a player with a 10 can beat you with a straight to the ten.
CowboyA King
CowboysThe Texas Hold'em starting hand King-King (KK).
CrabsThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Three-Three (33).
Crazy PineapplePoker Variation
CutTo divide a deck into two sections where either section must contain at least five cards and where the two sections swap positions, usually done prior to the initial cards being dealt on any particular deal.
Cut-CardA term for the bottom card of a deck after the cards have been cut. Can also be a coloured piece of plastic the same size as a playing card sometimes called the buck that is used for cutting the deck so that the bottom card cannot be seen.
Dead CardA card that is deemed as illegal to play. A burn card is an example of a "dead card".
Dead HandA hand that is not legally playable.
Dead Man's HandThe Texas Hold'em starting hand A-8. More accurately it's the poker hand, two pairs Aces over eights. The legendary lawman and gambler Wild Bill Hickok was shot to death while holding this hand.
Dead MoneyA novice player who has virtually no shot at winning a tournament. Their chips are said to be "dead money". Also may be chips that are placed in the pot because nobody knows who they belong too.
DeadwoodA group of loosely arranged touching cards no longer in action and under the control of the dealer that comprise of players folded hands and discards.
DealA term denoting, the shuffle, the cut, the action and the showdown.
Deal OffTo take all the blinds and the button before changing seats or leaving the table on a particular round of dealing.
Dealer ButtonA marker disk usually referred to as the button that is passed around the table in a clockwise direction denoting the dealer where there is a dealer at the table who deals for all the players.
DeckA set of playing cards, usually 52 or 53 with a joker, see also strip deck.
DeclareA split pot high low game where the players decide which part of the pot they wish to contest including the whole pot. This is usually done simultaneously with tokens in the hand, one token for low, two tokens for high or three or more tokens for the whole pot. In some games however, players call in order from the dealer.
Deuce-to-SevenPoker variation. A form of draw poker low also known as Kansas City Lowball, in which the best hand is 7-5-4-3-2 where straights and flushes do not figure as a low hand.
DimeGambling slang for ,000. "He went over the top of me with a 2 dime bet".
Discard(s)Card or cards mucked by the holder to make room for replacements in a draw game or card or a card or cards mucked from a hand because to do so is a requirement of the game.
DollarGambling slang for 0.
DominatedIn Texas Hold'em poker, a hand that is similar to another hand but has a lower kicker, is a "dominated" hand. For example, if you hold K-8 and your opponent had K-Q, your hand is dominated buy the higher kicker. You need to draw the 8 because the K won't make your hand better against your opponent. Your hand can also be dominated if your hand has far less "outs" than your opponent.
Door CardThe first card dealt face up to each player in Seven-Card-Stud.
Double Add-onIn a tournament a double add-on it a single rebuy for which all players are eligible. The players pay the original buy-in cost but receive double the amount of chips. This usually happens immediately after the rebuy period.
Double Flop Hold'emPoker variation
Downcard(s)Face down or hole cards individual to each player also called "Pocket Cards".
Doyle BrunsonThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Ten Deuce (10-2), more accurately 10 hearts', '2 hearts, the hand Doyle Brunson won the WSOP with two years in a row.
Draw(i) In flop games to "draw" for the turn or the river in the hope of improving one's hand. (ii) Abbreviation for draw poker like Jacks or Better or Lowball. (iii) The act of replacing discards with fresh cards in the hope of improving one's hand. (iiii) The point in the game where discards are replaced by fresh cards is called "the draw".
Draw CardsThe act of replacing unrequired cards in games like Draw Poker and Lowball.
Draw PokerPoker Variation
Draw Poker HighPoker Variation
Draw Poker LowPoker Variation
Drawing DeadDrawing to a hand that will lose even if you make your draw. If you have a straight draw but your opponent already has a flush, you are "drawing dead".
DrawoutWhen you get beaten by someone who makes their draw and you lose the hand. You may have had better cards going into the play, but you get "out drawn" by an opponent. Often refered to as a "bad beat".
Drop(i) To fold, (ii) To lose an amount of money or (iii) The house rake.
DucksThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Two-Two (22). Otherwise known as "dueces".
Eight RockLowball hand comprising 8432A.
Face CardA King a Queen or a Jack
Family PotWhen more than three players are contending for a pot, the pot is often considered a family pot but more accurtley, when every play on the table is involved in the pot.
FastTo play aggressively
Fifth StreetThe third up card in a stud game or the last single card exposed in Texas Hold'em or Omaha and is dealt after the turn, otherwise known as the river or the the river card.
FishA fish is an novice or bad player, who often loses a lot of money.
FishhooksThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Jack Jack.
Five Card StudPoker Variation
Fixed LimitApplies to limit poker where the size of the bet on any particular betting round is pre-determined.
Fixed LimitBasically another way of saying "limit poker", there are set bets. Poker with set betting limits. In a - fixed-limit poker game all bets and raises preflop and on the flop are each, and the bets and raises after the turn and river cards are each.
Flashed CardA card that is quickly or partially exposed.
FloorpersonThe person making a decision or ruling which is final and binding if any problem cannot be satisfactorily resolved by the dealer to the agreement of all the participating players involved in a particular pot.
Flop (The)After the initial betting round in Texas Hold'em or Omaha the first three cards making up the board are exposed simultaniously prior to the next betting round.
Flop (The)The first three face up community cards in Holdem poker. The first three board cards.
FlushAny five cards of the same suit where the all the five cards are not all in sequence.
FoldTo throw away or muck one's hand and relinquish any claim to the pot in play. The "folded" cards create or make up the deadwood.
FoldA player must "fold" or forfeit his hand if he/she does not want to match the current bet in the pot. A player should fold his/her cards when they think they can not win the hand. When folding against only 1 other player (or in a heads up game) you can choose to "show" your cards or "muck" the hand, which means to discard without revealing what cards you had.
Forced BetA required wager to start the betting on a particular deal. In stud this is called the bring in and in Texas Hold'em or Omaha it is called a blind.
Fouled HandA folded or illegal hand that becomes part of the deadwood.
Four FlushA hand with four cards of the same suit.
Four of a KindA hand which contains four cards of the same denomination, sometimes called a "poker" or "fours".
FoursFours
Fourth StreetThe second up-card in a stud game or the first single card exposed after the flop in Texas Hold'em or Omaha', otherwise known as the turn or the turn card.
FREEROLLA Freeroll is a poker tournament where the entry fee, the stakes, or both the entry fee and stakes are waived. Often online poker sites offer free entry but give real money prizes.
Full BoatAnother name for a full house, a poker hand consisting three-of-a-kind and another pair.
Full BuyA buy-in of at least the minimum requirement of chips needed for a particular game.
Full HouseA hand consisting of three of a kind and a pair.
Giving AirA lowball "Giving Air" is a term for when a player makes it known that they intend to draw a card or cards to induce a call.
GrinderA semi-professional player who makes a living out of playing poker.
GutshotAn inside straight draw. An example of a gutshot straight draw (also known as belly buster straight draw) is to have 4578, in an attempt to draw a 6.
Half Kill or Half Kill BlindAn extra blind, usually 50% the size of the big blind and increasing the limit 50%. Sometimes though a "kill" is used which is doubles the blind and the limit. A half kill can be either voluntary or mandatory. Usually for a mandatory half kill a player has to win two consecutive pots in at lowball and other games, or for scooping the whole pot in high-low split game.
Hand-All a player's personal cards.
#NAME?
#NAME?
Heads UpA play between only two players.
HighThe high hand is simply the best hand
High CardIn any round of poker no player makes a ranking hand (pairs or better) then the person with the highest card "High Card" wins. If two players have the same high card, then their second highest card is taken as the winning kicker, and so on. If the players have the exact same 5 card rank hand, then the pot is split.
High SocietyGambler slang for ,000.00 in chips. Mike McDermott buys "3 stacks of high society" at Teddy KGB's place in the film Rounders.
Hilton SistersThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Queen-Queen (QQ). Also called "The Ladies".
Hold'emAn abbreviation of the poker gameTexas Hold'em.
Hole Card(s)The cards dealt facedown to a player.
HooksThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Jack-Jack (JJ).
HORSEA form of poker in which a table round of each of the following particular variants of poker is dealt in this order:', '(i) Hold'em, (ii) Omaha, (iii) Razz, (iv) Seven-Card-Stud and (v) Omaha Hi-Lo', '8 or better.
Idiot EndThe idiot end straight refers to drawing to the bottom end of a straight. For example, if there is an open-ended straight on the board 789T and you have a 6, it is likely that someone has a Jack and will crush you.
Implied OddsThe same as pot odds except it takes into account making bets in the future. Thus, you may call a bet at the flop, but have implied odds of making bigger bets on later rounds if you hit your draw. So, if you have AK of diamonds and the flop comes two diamonds, your implied odds are what you have to call at the flop compared to how large the pot will be at the end of the hand.
InsuranceA side agreement when someone is all-in for a player in a pot to put up money that guarantees a payoff of a set am
ItRefers to the largest amount anyone has yet played in a round.
JackpotsPoker Variation
Jacks or BetterPoker Variation
JokerA totally wild card or a wild card with specific attributes i.e., the joker may be wild in the low but in the high it counts as an ace but may also be used as the best card to make a straight or a flush.
KamikazeA player who is on tilt so badly that they literally throw away their money with no regard or go all in with a rubbish or semi-strong hand.
Kansas City LowballPoker variation. A form of draw poker low also known as deuce-to-seven, in which the best hand is 7-5-4-3-2 where straights and flushes do not figure as a low hand.
KickerA kicker is a player's highest card that is used to break ties in poker hands. For example, if two players make a pair of Aces, one is holding AK and the other AJ, then the player with the K is the winner. If the players had A3 and A2, and the board was A8J5K then the two players tie with the pair of Aces, but split the pot because the best 5 card hand is made up of AAKJ8 and their kicker cards are too low. Kickers are also used to determine which player wins a flush or straight, if two players have a flush, the player with the highest of the suited cards is the winner. If the flush is made up of all over cards, then the players suited kickers do not count, and the pot is split.
Kill or Kill BlindAn extra blind, usually twice the size of the big blind and doubling the limit. Sometimes a "half-kill" is used which increases the blind and limits by fifty percent. A kill can be either voluntary or mandatory. Usually for a mandatory kill a player has to win two consecutive pots in at lowball and other games, or for scooping the whole pot in high-low split game.
Kill PotThe winner of two consecutive pots at Lowball and other games is required to make a forced increased blind called a "Kill Pot". This can also occur when a pot of sufficient size is won in a high-low split game. In some games it may be voluntary.
KojakThe Texas Hold'em starting hand King-Jack (KJ).
KokomoThe Texas Hold'em starting hand King-King (KK).
LadiesThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Queen-Queen (QQ).
LadyReferring to a Queen. A pair of queens (QQ) is often referred to as "ladies".
Lazy PineapplePoker Variation
Leg UpBeing in a situation equivalent to having won the previous pot, and thus liable to have to kill the following pot if you win again.
Limit PokerPoker with set betting limits. In a - limit poker game all bets and raises preflop and on the flop are each, and the bets and raises after the turn and river cards are each.
Limp InA player is said to "limp in" by trying to see the flop cheaply by just calling the big blind.
Limp RaiseTo make a small raise preflop when a player has a very strong hand like AA and wishes to provoke a re-raise.
ListTo make a small raise preflop The ordered roster of players waiting for a game.
When a player has a very strong hand like AA and wishes to provoke a re-raise.
Little SlickThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Ace-Queen (AQ).
Live BlindA blind bet giving a player the option of raising if no one else has raised.
Live CardA card that has not been seen.
LockA hand that is guaranteed to win at least part of the pot.
Lock-UpA chip marker that holds a seat for a player.
LonghandThis refers to a poker game with seven or more people. The odds of high cards being played are increased due to the amount of cards out on the table.
LooseSomeone who plays a lot of hands. A loose player is often either a maniac or a calling station.
Low CardThe lowest upcard at seven-card stud, which is required to make the bring-in.
LowballPoker Variation
MakeTo make a hand means to get a decent hand that has a chance of winning.
ManiacNickname for a player who is very loose and/or plays aggressively. This type of player plays a lot of hands, raises frequently, and often bluffs.
MechanicA cheater who uses sleight-of-hand to arrange the deck or deal benefit himself or a partner.
Mid-Life-CrisisThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Four-Four (44). Pocket Fours.
Middle PairWhen a player makes a pair on the flop with the middle value card on the board pairing one of their hole cards. The higher card on the board is referred to as an over card and may therefore give another player the top pair.
MiscallAn incorrect verbal declaration of the ranking of a hand.
MisdealA mistake on the dealing of a hand that causes the cards to be reshuffled and a new hand to be dealt.
Missed BlindA required bet that is not posted when it is your turn to do so.
MuckedThe muck (noun) is the area on the table where all of the dead cards are placed once folded or burnt. To muck (verb) is to discard you hand in a showdown but not show your hand once you discover the other hand has beaten you.
Muck-The pile of discards gathered facedown in the center of the table by the dealer.
-To discard a hand.
Must-MoveIn order to protect the main game, a situation where the players of a second game must move into the first game as.
Near NutsAlmost the best hand possible, but may be only a couple of hands, or very unlikely hands that could beat you. For example, if you have KK, and the board is K6693, you have the near nuts, because someone else may make a full house or four-of-a-kind sixes.
NickelGambler slang for 0.
NLAbbreviation to indicate a No-Limit game.
No DeclareA split pot hi-lo game where the cards speak.
NO LIMITA betting structure in which there is no maximum bet. Players may bet as much as they want at any time, at any time they can declare themselves "all in" and put all of their chips into the pot.
Nuts (The)The nuts is an unbeatable hand, there is no other hand that could win.
OffsuitA Texas Hold'em starting hand with two cards of different suits. These hands are weaker than suited hands because there are less "outs" in the hand, as the chance of a flush is significantly decreased.
OldsmobileThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Nine-Eight (98).
OmahaPoker Variation
Omaha High LowPoker Variation
Open Ended StraightWhere a player has four cards to a straight such as 2345 and the hand can be made with either an ace or a six. See also Inside Straight and Gutshot.
OpenerThe player who made the first voluntary bet.
Opener ButtonA button used to indicate who opened a particular pot in a draw game.
OpenersIn jacks-or-better draw, the cards held by the player who opens the pot that show the hand qualifies to be opened.
OptionThe choice to raise a bet given to a player with a blind.
OutsCards that can improve your hand. If you have a 4 cards of a flush draw, then there are 9 other cards left in the deck that can give you the flush (13 out of 52 total) so you have a total of 9 "outs" to complete your hand.
Over Bet the PotIn a no limit game if a player bets more than the total pot, they have "over bet the pot".
Over BlindAlso called oversize blind. A blind used in some pots that are bigger than the regular big blind, and usually increase
PaintA picture card, Jack, Queen or King.
PairA pair is two cards of the same rank. In holdem poker, if you held A9 and the board cards were 5AJ you would have a pair of Aces. If you had the pair in your hole cards, it is called a "pocket pair".
PassDecline to bet. In a pass-and-out game, this differs from a check, because a player who passes must fold.
PassiveSomeone who does not bet and raise a lot.
PatNot drawing any cards in a draw game.
PineappleVariants of Texas Hold'em in which players get three starting cards, one of which must be discarded at some stage.
PLAbbreviation for Pot-Limit.
Play MoneyPlaying for fun or fake money. Usually online poker sites have free games with play money. This allows players to practice without wagering real dollars. Most online casinos and online poker rooms have "play money" games.
Play(ing) BehindIn some poker games players are permitted to "play behind", that is, to play more money than they represent on the table. This generally happens in cash games. Not a recommended method of play, see also Call or Pass.
Play(ing) BehindHave chips in play that are not in front of you (allowed only when waiting for chips that are already purchased).
Play(ing) the BoardIn Texas Hold'em if the five board cards make up a better hand than the players hands. For example a flush with 5 higher ranked cards than the players hole cards, then the player is said to be "playing the board".
PLOAbbreviation for Pot Limit Omaha.
Pocket Cards(s)Face down or hole cards individual to each player also called "Downcard(s)
Pocket PairIn Texas Hold'em if you are dealt two hole cards of the same rank.
Pocket RocketsThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Ace, Ace or Pocket Aces, also known as Bullets, Rockets, AA or American Airlines.
PokerA game of cards in which money is wagered and contested in a pot by individual players in which the pot is won or divided by the player or players exposing the rarest combination of cards of five cards in an mathematically exact sequence of accepted card combinations. In the case of more than one player holding the same type of combination, the pot is awarded to the player holding the highest or rarest cards in that particular combination. For example a full house of 77722 will beat another full house of 666AA. Another example is that two pairs 99664 will beat two pairs 99663. Also, a straight of 34567 will beat an A2345 straight. The Term "poker" is also sometimes referred to as "fours" or "four of a kind".
Poker HandA group of five cards which are ranked according to the hand rankings.
Polish Hold'emPoker Variation
PositionYour seating position at the poker table is referred to as "position". While your physical seat stays the same, your "position" changes with each hand. The dealer (player with the dealer button) has the best position because he/she acts last in the betting round, therefore the dealer can see all other players actions before deciding whether how to play the hand. Preflop the person to the left of the big blind, or after the flop the small blind are the worst positions as the player has to act first and does not get any chance to read the other players from their bets before putting money into the pot. This position is sometime called "under the gun".
Position-The relation of a player's seat to the blinds or the button.
Pot LimitA betting structure in which the maximum size bet is the size of the pot and in which the maximum size raise includes any call or raise the raiser has to equal to make the pot before making a raise.
Pot OddsThese are the odds you are getting when you are hoping to improve your hand without considering future bets. Basically, you want to make sure there is enough money in the pot to justify playing. This is done by comparing the real chances of making the hand compared to the size of the pot against the size of the call. The simple mathematical formula for pot odds is:', '(pot + bet) * (chance of hitting) > = call. For example on a club flush draw in Texas Hold'em, where you expect to win the pot if you hit the flush, there are 9 clubs to make the hand which is about a 20% chance on the next card. If the pot is 90, and the bet is 10, (90 +10) *.20= 20 where 20 >10 = call. However, let's say the pot is 10 and your opponent bets 40. Now the pot is 50 and the bet is 40, (50 + 40) *.20 = 18 where 18 < 40 = fold.
Potting OutAgreeing with another player to take money out of a pot, often to buy food, cigarettes, or drinks, or to make side be
PreflopThe stage of a Texas Hold'em game when you have two cards in your hand and there are no cards on the board yet.
PropProp is short for proposition player,sometimes called a "House Player". A prop player is paid to play poker. The player plays hands with his own money but has each hand subsidized; receive a payment for playing a certain amount of hands or are paid an wage per hour to play. A lot of online poker rooms use propositional players to keep their games active.
Proposition BetsProposition Bets Side bets between players that are not related to the outcome of the hand.
PUSHWhen a new dealer replaces an existing dealer at a particular table.
PUSHING BETSThe situation in which two or more players make an agreement to return bets to each other when one of them wins
PushkaAn agreement between two or more players to share part of the pots win, or more precisely, the container into which the agreed chips are played.
QuadsFour of a kind. Holding a set of four cards of the same rank
Rabbit HuntWhen you win a poker hand, your opponent sometimes wants to know if they would have beat you if they stayed in the hand. When your opponent is "rabbit hunting" they ask the dealer to deal the flop, turn or river cards to see what would have come out. Rabbit hunting is frowned upon when playing poker and banned from most tournaments.
Rag(s)Useless card or cards that don't improve your hand.
RainbowThis describes a flop of all different suits, reducing the chance of a flush.
RAISETo increase the amount of a previous wager. This increase must meet certain specifications, depending on the game
RAISETo make a bet larger than the previous bet, thus forcing the original bettor to call the difference or fold.
RakeThis is the fee the poker rooms charge players. It is usually a percentage of the pot. For example, online poker rooms take up to 10% as a fee for hosting the game. However, brick and mortar casinos will charge players an hourly rate instead of raking hands.
RankThe number or letter on the card. Ace is the highest rank and 2 is the lowest. An Ace can also be used as a one (1) when creating a straight. Ranks are abbreviated as follows: A', 'Ace, K', 'King, Q', 'Queen, J', 'Jack, T', 'Ten, 9', 'Nine, 8', 'Eight, 7', 'Seven, 6', 'Six, 5', 'Five, 4', 'Four, 3', 'Three, 2', 'Two.
RazzPoker variation.
Re-RaiseTo raise someone's raise.
RebuyIn a tournament once a player has lost all their chips they may rebuy back into the tournament for the original cost and get their starting chips again. In some tournaments, players by rebuy if their stack is 50% or less of the starting chips.
RockThis is a nickname for a type of player who will fold a lot. These types of players generally break even. They fold most of their losers, but will not aggressively bet their winners and will thus not make much money. They are also easily bullied out of pots.
RocketsThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Ace, Ace or pocket aces, also known as Bullets, Pocket Rockets, AA or American Airlines.
Rolled UpIn Seven-Card-Stud having trips dealt the first three cards. Example: "Rolled Up Queens".
RoundCan refer to (i) A round of betting, (ii) A round of cards or (iii) A round of a particular game at dealers choice or (iv) A round of a particular game in "HORSE".
RounderA rounder is a semi-pro or professional player who makes a living or a significant amount of their income from playing poker.
Route 66The Texas Hold'em starting hand Six-Six (66, pocket sixes).
Royal FlushThe best hand in poker comprising of 10, J, Q, K, A all of the same suit.
SailboatsThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Four-Four (44, pocket Fours).
SandbaggingSandbagging is another term for slow-play. To check or bet weakly when you have a strong hand.
SausageA player who plays with no sense. Example, all-in with a 2-9.
ScoopTo win both the high and the low portions of a pot in a split-pot game.
ScrambleA facedown mixing of the cards also called a Shimmey.
SELLSimilar to the slow play or sandbagging, betting a very strong hand fairly lightly in order to induce a call.
SEMI-BLUFFA semi-bluff is when a player makes a bet with a hand that is currently weak but has the potential to become a very strong hand. A common example is when someone has a flush draw and makes a bet into the pot. The bettor hopes that the other players will fold, and he wil win the pot right there. However, even if the other players do not fold, he still has a good chance at improving and winning the pot anyway.
SetThree cards of the same denomination with two unpaired cards of different denominations. For example Q Q Q 2 3 which would beat J J J A K. Also called Three of a Kind and a Set.
SetupA fresh deck of cards which have been placed in order of suits ace to king, spades, hearts, diamonds and clubs.
Seven Card StudPoker Variation
Seven RockA Lowball hand comprising 7432A or 7ABCD.
SharkA shark is a good player and typically wins on a regular basis. A shark generally "eats" fish, the weaker amateur players.
ShillA shill player is a who is paid by the house and plays with the house money. See also prop.
ShimmeyA facedown mixing of the cards also called a Scramble.
Short BuyA buy-in that is less than the required minimum buy-in.
ShorthandedThis refers to a poker game with six or fewer people.
ShowdownThe final act of determining the winner of the pot after all betting has been completed.
ShuffleThe act of mixing the cards before a hand.
SidepotIn a multi-way pot, a sidepot is created for other players if one player goes all-in. These other players bets and raises will go to the sidepot, and only the players that participated in the sidepot are eligible to win it.
SirA confusing term that has a totally different meaning at a poker table. Can be said to a player who makes a big draw or a "suckout" to win the pot. Example: "Nice hand Sir!" really means "Congratulations for winning money through your own stupidity, you clueless moron".
Six RockLowball hand comprising 6432A.
SlowplaySlowplaying is a great poker play, basically the opposite of bluffing. It means to check or bet weakly on a strong hand. The point of the slowplay is so your opponent can get a better hand but you know that your hand can not be beaten (the nuts). The purpose is to get more money into the pot by "bluffing" that you have nothing.
Small BlindThe smallest forceed wager placed in the pot directly after the dealer before the cards are dealt.
Snap OffTo beat someone, often a bluffer with usually not an especially strong hand.
SnowmenThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Eight-Eight (88).
SokoAn action variation of Five Card Stud invented in Scandinavia which introduces two new values of hands between one pair and two pairs. These being a "Four Straight" and a "Four Flush". So the order of hands thus becomes: High Card, One Pair, Four Straight, Four Flush, Two Pairs, Trips, Five Straight, Five Flush, Full House, Fours, Straight Flush, Royal Flush
SpeedRefers to the level of aggressiveness of a player.
Speed LimitThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Five-Five (55).
SplashThrowing your chips into the pot is called "Splashing the pot" and is considered bad etiquette in poker.
SplitThe Texas Hold'em starting hand of Seven-Ten (7-10). Named after a ten pin bowling term "The Dreaded 7-10 Split", the pins on opposite sides of the pin deck.
Split PotA pot that is divided among players, either because of a tie for the best hand or by agreement prior to the showdown
Splitting OpenersIn high draw jacks-or-better poker, dividing openers in hopes of making a different type of hand.
StackChips in front of a player.
Stone Cold NutsThe best holding possible in a hand of poker that will win the entire pot (as opposed to possibly winning only half or some fraction). Such an example would be holding a suited ace and making a flush with it on an unpaired board in Texas Hold'em. This is in contrast to holding an ace high straight, which even though it may not possibly be beaten, could end up in a tie with another one.
StraddleAn additional blind bet placed after the forced blinds, usually double the big blind in size or in lowball, a multiple blind
StraightA poker hand consisting of 5 cards in order of rank. For example, 45678.
Straight FlushFive cards in sequential order, all if the same suit, example 5,6,7,8,9 all diamonds the highest of which is called a Royal Flush, example, 10-J-Q-K-A all clubs.
StreetCards dealt on a particular round in stud games. For instance, the fourth card in a player's hand is often known as
String BetIn a live game, someone does a string bet if they act like they are going to call but then make a raise. For example, it is standard etiquette that putting the requisite chips for a call into the pot just means a call. If one wants to raise, he or she needs to announce raise before placing chips into the pot. They cannot say "I call your bet" ... but then raise you; They must say "I raise." String bets confuse players as to whether the player is calling or raising, so they are not allowed.
String RaiseA bet made in more than one motion, without the declaration of a raise (not allowed).
StubThe portion of the deck, which has not been dealt.
StudA poker variation, usually "5 Card" or "7 Card".
SUCKOUTIt means someone hit a draw against you to win the hand.
SUITSpades, hearts, diamonds, or clubs. In poker, no suit outranks another. A flush is the only hand that uses suits.
SUITEDRefers to a Texas Hold'em starting hand with two cards of the same suit. Suited hands are slightly better than unsuited hands because there is a chance of a flush.
Suited ConnectorsCards that connect and are of the same suit like, QS-JS.
Sunset StripThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Seven-Seven (77). Also called Walking Sticks and Candy Canes.
SupervisorA Poker Room employee qualified to make rulings, such as a floorperson, shift supervisor, or the Poker Room manager.
SWEEPTo call both high and low in a declare split-pot game.
Table StakesThe amount of money you have on the table. This is the maximum amount that you can lose or that anyone can win.
Table StakesAll proper poker games are played table stakes. This means one can only bet what one has in front of him on the table on any given hand. Players cannot reach into their pockets and add to their bets. If a player runs out of chips in front of him in the middle of a hand, he or she is considered all in.
TAPIn a no limit game, if you tap your opponent you are making a bet equal to all of his chips.
Tapping the AquariumTo tell an amateur player what they are doing wrong.
Tapping The TableAccepted in poker as representing a check.
Tate GalleryA poker hand comprising of all picture cards.
Texas Hold'emThe most popular variation of poker in the world and is the game played in the World Series of Poker, the most prestigeous poker tournament in the world. Each player gets two hidden hole cards and five common cards called the board. Players contest the pot for the best five card poker hand using any combination of the seven cards each player has to play with.
The NutsHolding the best hand possible in a flop game at a particular time during a deal.
Third PairWhen a player makes a pair on the flop with the lowest card on the board pairing one of their hole cards. The other cards on the board are referred to as over cards and may therefore give other players the middle pair or top pair. The third pair is usually refered to as the bottom pair.
Three of a KindThree cards of the same denomination with two unpaired cards of different denominations. For example Q Q Q 2 3 which would beat J J J A K. Also called Trips and a Set.
Three Wise MenThree of a kind, with three kings, also called Trip Cowboys.
TightSomeone who does not play many hands, see also "ROCK".
TiltA player can go on tilt. Often when someone loses a big hand or has a good hand cracked (bad beat) it causes them to tilt. Tilt or on tilt is when you play recklessly or emotionally based on previous hands, most often losing hands.
TimeAn expression used to stop the action on a hand. Equivalent to "Hold it."
Time CollectionA fee for a seat rental, paid in advance.
Top PairWhen a player makes a pair on the flop with the highest card on the board pairing one of their hole cards.
TournamentA poker competition, normally with an entry fee and prizes.
TrepassoThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Ace-Jack (AJ). Also called "Ajax" and "Blackjack".
Trip CowboysThree of a kind, with three kings, also called Three Wise Men.
TripsThree cards of the same denomination with two unpaired cards of different denominations. For example Q Q Q 2 3 which would beat J J J A K. Also called Three of a Kind and a Set.
Turn (The) or Turn CardThe fourth street card in Hold'em or Omaha.
Two PairTwo cards of the same denomination with two cards of a different denomination plus a odd card. For example K K 2 2 3 which would beat Q Q J J A. Also called Three of a Kind and a Set.
Under the GunThe position to the left of the big blind which acts first before board cards are dealt.
UnderdogThe least likely hand/player to come out the eventual winner with another, or more cards to come.
UnderpairAn underpair is a pocket pair that is smaller than any card on the board.
UpcardAny card that is dealt face up.
WagerAn amount placed in the pot in a game of poker. It can take the form of an ante, a blind, a bet, a raise, a re-raise or an all-in.
Walking SticksThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Seven-Seven (77). Also called Candy Canes and Sunset Strip.
Wayne GretzkyThe Texas Hold'em starting hand Nine-Nine (99).
WheelThe hand comprising A-2-3-4-5. Called also Bicycle and Bicycle Wheel.
Wired PairA pair in your starting hand. A Pocket Pair.
WPTWorld Poker Tour.
WSOPWorld Series of Poker.